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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 4 ( October, 2006 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Correlation of mixed venous and central venous oxygen saturation and its relation to cardiac index

M. N. Ramakrishna, Devi Prasad Hegde, G. N. Kumaraswamy, Ratan Gupta, T. N. Girish

Keywords : Cardiac index, central venous oxygen saturation, mixed venous oxygen saturation, shock

Citation Information : Ramakrishna MN, Hegde DP, Kumaraswamy GN, Gupta R, Girish TN. Correlation of mixed venous and central venous oxygen saturation and its relation to cardiac index. Indian J Crit Care Med 2006; 10 (4):230-234.

DOI: 10.4103/0972-5229.29841

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 01-10-2006

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2006; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background and Aim: The clinical applicability of substitution of central venous oxygen saturation for mixed venous oxygen saturations in monitoring global tissue hypoxia is still a matter of controversy. Hence aim of the study is comparison of paired samples of mixed venous and central venous oxygen saturation and comparison in relation to cardiac index in varying hemodynamic conditions. Materials and Methods: Prospective clinical observation: Postoperative cardiac surgical ITU: 60 adult patients, >18 years of age of either sex: A PAC was inserted through ® IJV, triple lumen catheter was inserted through ® IJV. Blood samples were taken from distal tip of PAC and central venous catheters. An arterial blood sample was drawn from either radial or femoral arterial line. Measurements: Continuous cardiac output monitoring. Analysis of blood samples for hemoglobin concentration and oxygen saturation. Mixed venous oxygen saturations and central venous oxygen saturations were compared. The study was carried over a period of 30h in the postoperative period and samples were taken at 6h intervals. Patients were classified into three groups as follows depending on the CI: Low (< 2.5 L/m 2), medium (2.5-4 L/m 2), high (> 4 L/m2) and correlated with Svo 2 and Scvo 2. Results: 298 Comparative sets of samples were obtained. Svo 2 was consistently lower than Scvo 2 throughout the study period. The difference was statistically significant. By using Bland - Altman plot, the mean difference between Svo 2 and Scvo 2 (Svo 2 -Scvo 2) was - 2.9% ± 5.14 and confidence limits are + 7.17% and - 12.97%. The co-efficient r is > 0.7 throughout the study period for all paired samples. The correlation Svo 2 and Scvo 2 with cardiac index in all the three groups were >0.7. Conclusion: Scvo 2 and Svo 2 are closely related and are interchangeable. Even though individual values differ trends in Scvo2 may be substituted for trend in Svo 2


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