Guidelines support the use of ultrasound (US)-guided central venous cannulation in the intensive care unit. Traditional techniques based on anatomical landmarks are blind procedures and inexpert USG procedures may be hazardous. Commercially available phantoms for simulation and training are expensive. The technique of making a low-cost reusable gelatin phantom which simulates subclavian vein anatomy is described. Techniques to improve eye-hand skills with this phantom are described. This phantom is easy to make, inexpensive and easily renewable.
Ultrasound guided vascular access: efficacy and safety. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2009;23:299-311.
Use of simulation-based mastery learning to improve the quality of central venous catheter placement in a medical intensive care unit. J Hosp Med 2009;4:397-403.
To reduce catheter-related bloodstream infections: Is the subclavian route better than the jugular route for central venous catheterization? J Infect Chemother 2006;12:363-5.
Mechanical complications of central venous catheters. J Intensive Care Med 2006;21:40-6.
Ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization in cancer patients improves the success rate of cannulation and reduces mechanical complications: A prospective observational study of 1,978 consecutive catheterizations. World J Surg Oncol 2010;8:91.
Misdirected central venous catheter. J Emerg Trauma Shock 2010;3:209-10.
Available from: http://www.bluephantom.com/details.aspx?pid=64andcid=524, Accessed Feb 9 2011.
A low-cost gelatin phantom for learning sonographically guided interventional breast radiology techniques. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1998;171:65-6.
A new ultrasound tissue-equivalent material. Radiology 1980;134:517-20.
A review of the benefits and pitfalls of phantoms in ultrasound- guided regional anesthesia. Reg Anesth Pain Med 2011;36:162-70.