Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine

Register      Login



Volume / Issue

Online First

Related articles

VOLUME 17 , ISSUE S1 ( March, 2013 ) > List of Articles

Guidelines for the Prevention of Infections Associated with the Use of Vascular Catheters in Indian Intensive Care Units

RE Rajagopalan, AM Bhagwati, R Gopalakrishnan, VN Kamat, P Nagaraja, S Prayag, B Ramachandran, S Singhi, SK Todi

Citation Information : Rajagopalan R, Bhagwati A, Gopalakrishnan R, Kamat V, Nagaraja P, Prayag S, Ramachandran B, Singhi S, Todi S. Guidelines for the Prevention of Infections Associated with the Use of Vascular Catheters in Indian Intensive Care Units. Indian J Crit Care Med 2013; 17 (S1):3-14.

DOI: 10.5005/ijccm-17-S1-3

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 15-10-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; The Author(s).


PDF Share
  1. Renaud B, Brun-Buisson C, for the ICU-Bacteremia Study Group. Outcomes of primary and catheter-related bacteremia: A Cohort and Case-Control Study in Critically Ill Patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001; 163: 1584-90.
  2. O'Grady NP, Alexander M, Dellinger EP, Gerberding JL, Heard SO, Maki DG, Masur H et al. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guidelines for the Prevention of Intravascular Catheter-Related Infections. MMWR. 2002; 51(No. RR-10): 1-36
  3. Guidelines for preventing infections associated with the insertion and maintenance of central venous catheters. J Hosp Infect. 2001; 47(Supplement): S47-S67
  4. Gross PA, Barrett TL, Dellinger P, et al. Purpose of quality standards for infectious diseases. Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 1994; 18:421.
  5. Rao S, Alladi A and Cruz AJD. Medium and long-term central venous access in children. Indian Pediatrics. 2003; 40: 41- 44
  6. Sachdev A, Gupta D, Soni A and Chugh K. Central venous catheter colonization and related bacteremia in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. Indian Pediatrics. 2002; 39: 752-760
  7. Verghese SL, Padmaja P, Koshi G. Central venous catheter related infections in a tertiary care hospital. J Assoc Physicians India 1998; 46: 445-7.
  8. Lalitha MK, Kenneth J, Jana AK, Jesudason MV, Kuruvilla KA, Jacobson K, Kuhn I, Kronvall G. Identification of an IV dextrose solution as the source of an outbreak of Klebsiella pneumoniae sepsis in a newborn nursery. J Hosp Infect. 1999; 43: 70-3.
  9. Boyce JM, Pittet D. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guideline for Hand Hygiene in Health-Care Settings: Recommendations of the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee and the HICPAC/SHEA/APIC/IDSA Hand Hygiene Task Force. MMWR. 2002; 51(No. RR-16): 1-56
  10. Lai KK. Safety of prolonging peripheral cannula and i.v. tubing use from 72 hours to 96 hours. Am J Infect Control. 1998; 26: 66-70.
  11. Catney MR, Hillis S, Wakefield B, Simpson L, Domino L, Keller S, Connelly T, White M, Price D, Wagner K Relationship between peripheral intravenous catheter dwell time and the development of phlebitis and infiltration. J Infus Nurs. 2001; 24: 332-41.
  12. Homer LD, Holmes KR. Risks associated with 72- and 96- hour peripheral intravenous catheter dwell times. J Intraven Nurs. 1998; 21: 301-5.
  13. Tager IB, Ginsberg MB, Ellis SE, Walsh NE, Dupont I, Simchen E, Faich GA. An epidemiologic study of the risks associated with peripheral intravenous catheters. Am J Epidemiol. 1983; 118: 839-51.
  14. Bregenzer T, Conen D, Sakmann P, Widmer AF. Is routine replacement of peripheral intravenous catheters necessary? Arch Intern Med. 1998; 158: 151-6.
  15. Garland JS, Dunne WM Jr, Havens P, Hintermeyer M, Bozzette MA, Wincek J, Bromberger T, Seavers M. Peripheral intravenous catheter complications in critically ill children: a prospective study. Pediatrics. 1992; 89:1145-50.
  16. Hirschmann H, Fux L, Podusel J, Schindler K, Kundi M, Rotter M, Wewalka G; The influence of hand hygiene prior to insertion of peripheral venous catheters on the frequency of complications. EURIDIKI. European Interdisciplinary Committee for Infection Prophylaxis. J Hosp Infect. 2001; 49: 199-203.
  17. Niesen KM, Harris DY, Parkin LS, Henn LT. The effects of heparin versus normal saline for maintenance of peripheral intravenous locks in pregnant women. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2003; 32: 503-8.
  18. Veenstra DL, Saint S, Saha S, Lumley T, Sullivan SD. Efficacy of antiseptic-impregnated central venous catheters in preventing catheter-related bloodstream infection: a metaanalysis. JAMA. 1999; 281: 261-7.
  19. Darouiche RO, Raad II, Heard SO, Thornby JI, Wenker OC, Gabrielli A, Berg J, et al. A comparison of two antimicrobialimpregnated central venous catheters. Catheter Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1999; 340: 1-8.
  20. Veenstra DL, Saint S, Sullivan SD. Cost-effectiveness of antiseptic-impregnated central venous catheters for the prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infection. JAMA. 1999; 282: 554-60.
  21. Marin MG, Lee JC, Skurnick JH. Prevention of nosocomial bloodstream infections: Effectiveness of antimicrobialimpregnated and heparin-bonded central venous catheters. Crit Care Med. 2000; 28: 3332-38.
  22. Sherertz RJ, Ely EW, Westbrook DM, Gledhill KS, Streed SA, Kiger B, Flynn L, et al. Education of physicians-in-training can decrease the risk for vascular catheter infection. Ann Intern Med. 2000; 132: 641-8
  23. Merrer J, De Jonghe B, Golliot F, Lefrant JY, Raffy B, Barre E, Rigaud JP, et al. French Catheter Study Group in Intensive Care. Complications of femoral and subclavian venous catheterization in critically ill patients: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2001; 286: 700-7.
  24. Venkataraman ST, Thompson AE, Orr RA. Femoral vascular catheterization in critically ill infants and children. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1997; 36: 311-9.
  25. Chaiyakunapruk N, Veenstra DL, Lipsky BA, and Saint S, Chlorhexidine Compared with Povidone-Iodine Solution for Vascular Catheter-Site Care: A Meta-Analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2002; 136: 792-801.
  26. Humar A, Ostromecki A, Direnfeld J, Marshall JC, Lazar N, Houston PC, Boiteau P, Conly JM. Prospective randomized trial of 10% povidone-iodine versus 0.5% tincture of chlorhexidine as cutaneous antisepsis for prevention of central venous catheter infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2000; 31:1001-7.
  27. Dezfulian C, Lavelle J, Nallamothu BK, Kaufman SR, Saint S. Rates of infection for single-lumen versus multilumen central venous catheters: A meta-analysis. Crit Care Med. 2003; 31: 2385-90.
  28. Rijnders BJ, Van Wijngaerden E, Wilmer A, Peetermans WE. Use of full sterile barrier precautions during insertion of arterial catheters: a randomized trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2003; 36: 743-8.
  29. Shafazand S, Weinacker AB. Blood cultures in the critical care unit: Improving utilization and yield. Chest 2002; 122:1727-36.
  30. Aronson MD, Bor DH. Blood cultures. Ann Intern Med. 1987: 106; 246-53.
  31. Maki DG, Weise CE, Sarafin HW. A semiquantitative culture method for identifying intravenous-catheter-related infection. N Engl J Med. 1977; 296: 1305-9.
  32. Siegman-Igra Y, Anglim, A, Shapiro DE, Adal KA, Strain BA, Farr BM. Diagnosis of vascular catheter-related bloodstream infection: a meta-analysis J Clin Microbiol. 1997; 35: 928-36.
  33. Ridgway GL. Hygiene. Chapter 13.2.1 in Oxford Textbook of Critical Care; Webb AR, Shapiro MJ, Singer M, Suter PM, (Editors). Oxford University Press (Pub). 1999; 872-4.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.