Aluminum phosphide (celphos) poisoning in children: A 5-year experience in a tertiary care hospital from northern India
Anupama Sharma, Dishant, Jaya Shankar Kaushik
Magnesium sulfate, mortality, pediatric intensive care
Citation Information :
Sharma A, D, Kaushik JS. Aluminum phosphide (celphos) poisoning in children: A 5-year experience in a tertiary care hospital from northern India. Indian J Crit Care Med 2014; 18 (1):33-36.
Background: Aluminum phosphide (ALP) (celphos) is an agricultural pesticide commonly implicated in poisoning. Literature pertaining to the clinical manifestations and treatment outcome of its poisoning among children is limited. Materials and Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted of the medical records of 30 children aged less than 14 years admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a tertiary care hospital in northern India. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory parameters were recorded. The outcome was categorized into \"survivors\" and \"nonsurvivors.\" Results: The Mean (SD) age of the enrolled children [19 males (63.3%)] was 8.55 (3.07) years. Among the 30 children, 14 (46.67%) were nonsurvivors and the rest 16 (53.33%) were survivors. Nonsurvivors had ingested significantly higher doses of ALP (P < 0.001), and showed higher time lag to PICU transfer (P 0.031), presence of abnormal radiological findings on chest skiagram (P = 0.007), and a higher Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM) III score (P < 0.001) at admission. Use of magnesium sulfate was associated significantly with survival [odds ratio (OR) (95% CI): 0.11 (0.02-0.66); P 0.016]. Conclusion: The present study highlights that survival among children with ALP poisoning is predicted by dose of ALP ingestion, time lag to medical attention, and higher PRISM score at admission. Use of magnesium sulfate could be associated with better survival among them.
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