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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 11 ( November, 2014 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

Acute ammonium dichromate poisoning in a 2 year-old child

Menon Sunilkumar, Thekkuttuparambil Ajith, Vadakut Parvathy

Keywords : Ammonium dichromate, ascorbic acid, hepato-renal failure dimercaprol, N-acetylcysteine

Citation Information : Sunilkumar M, Ajith T, Parvathy V. Acute ammonium dichromate poisoning in a 2 year-old child. Indian J Crit Care Med 2014; 18 (11):757-758.

DOI: 10.4103/0972-5229.144024

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 00-11-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Hexavalent chromium compounds are most commonly used in printing, dyeing, plastics and rayon manufacturing. Poisoning in children by ammonium dichromate, an odorless and bright orange-red crystal, are rarely reported. Acute poisoning will result in death due to multi-organ failure. The target organs that are affected by this poison are the respiratory system, kidneys, liver, eyes and skin. On ingestion, initially there is a relative lack of severe symptoms and signs. Hence, the delay in seeking medical attention could lead to the increased rate of mortality. In this case study, we report the ingestion of ammonium dichromate by a child. Despite appropriate management, such as hepatic supportive measures and plasma transfusion, the toxicity progressed to multi-organ failure and death.


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