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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 12 ( December, 2014 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Griggs percutaneous tracheostomy without bronchoscopic guidance is a safe method: A case series of 300 patients in a tertiary care Intensive Care Unit

Banambar Ray, Sharmili Sinha

Keywords : Bronchoscopy, critical illness, griggs technique, percutaneous tracheostomy

Citation Information : Ray B, Sinha S. Griggs percutaneous tracheostomy without bronchoscopic guidance is a safe method: A case series of 300 patients in a tertiary care Intensive Care Unit. Indian J Crit Care Med 2014; 18 (12):778-782.

DOI: 10.4103/0972-5229.146303

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 01-12-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: Percutaneous tracheostomy (PCT) is being increasingly done by intensivists for critical care unit patients requiring either prolonged ventilation and/or for airway protection. [1] Bronchoscopic guidance considered a gold standard, [2],[3] is not always possible due to logistic reasons and ventilation issues. We share our experience of Griggs PCT technique without bronchoscopic guidance with simple modifications to ensure safe execution of the procedure. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety issues and complications of PCT without bronchoscopic guidance in a multi-disciplinary tertiary Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of consecutive PCTs performed in our ICU between August 2010 and December 2013 by Griggs guide wire dilating forceps technique without bronchoscopic guidance is being presented. It is done by withdrawing endotracheal tube with inflated cuff while monitoring expired tidal volume on ventilator and ensuring the free mobility of guide wire during each step of the procedure, thereby ensuring a safe placement of the tracheostomy tube (TT) in trachea. Results: Analysis of 300 PCTs showed 26 patients (8.6%) had complications including 2 (0.6%) patients deteriorated neurologically and 2 (0.6%) deaths observed within 24 h following procedure. The median operating time was 3.5 min (range, 2.5-8 min). There were no TT placement problems in any case. Conclusion: Percutaneous tracheostomy can be safely performed without bronchoscopic guidance by adhering to simple steps as described.


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