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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 2 ( February, 2014 ) > List of Articles

GUIDELINES

Tropical fevers: Management guidelines

Rajesh Bhagchandani, Sunit Singhi, J. V. Peter, T. D. Chugh, George M. Varghese, N. Karthi, S. Kalantri, M. Munjal, Narendra Rungta

Keywords : Tropical fever, Dengue, Malaria, Typhoid, Leptospirosis, Scrub typhus, Sepsis, Influenza, Guidelines

Citation Information : Bhagchandani R, Singhi S, Peter JV, Chugh TD, Varghese GM, Karthi N, Kalantri S, Munjal M, Rungta N. Tropical fevers: Management guidelines. Indian J Crit Care Med 2014; 18 (2):62-69.

DOI: 10.4103/0972-5229.126074

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 01-02-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Tropical fevers were defined as infections that are prevalent in, or are unique to tropical and subtropical regions. Some of these occur throughout the year and some especially in rainy and post-rainy season. Concerned about high prevalence and morbidity and mortality caused by these infections, and overlapping clinical presentations, difficulties in arriving at specific diagnoses and need for early empiric treatment, Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine (ISCCM) constituted an expert committee to develop a consensus statement and guidelines for management of these diseases in the emergency and critical care. The committee decided to focus on most common infections on the basis of available epidemiologic data from India and overall experience of the group. These included dengue hemorrhagic fever, rickettsial infections/scrub typhus, malaria (usually falciparum), typhoid, and leptospira bacterial sepsis and common viral infections like influenza. The committee recommends a ′syndromic approach′ to diagnosis and treatment of critical tropical infections and has identified five major clinical syndromes: undifferentiated fever, fever with rash / thrombocytopenia, fever with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), fever with encephalopathy and fever with multi organ dysfunction syndrome. Evidence based algorithms are presented to guide critical care specialists to choose reliable rapid diagnostic modalities and early empiric therapy based on clinical syndromes.


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