Profile of organ dysfunction and predictors of mortality in severe scrub typhus infection requiring intensive care admission
Kishore Pichamuthu, John Victor Peter, Gunasekaran Karthik, Kartik Ramakrishna, John Antony Jude Prakash, George M. Varghese, Mathew Griffith, Rajamanickam C. Kalki, Anugragh Chrispal, Ramya Iyyadurai, Ooriapadickal Cherian Abraham
Intensive care, organ dysfunction, outcome, rickettsia, ventilation
Citation Information :
Pichamuthu K, Peter JV, Karthik G, Ramakrishna K, Prakash JA, Varghese GM, Griffith M, Kalki RC, Chrispal A, Iyyadurai R, Abraham OC. Profile of organ dysfunction and predictors of mortality in severe scrub typhus infection requiring intensive care admission. Indian J Crit Care Med 2014; 18 (8):497-502.
Background and Aims: Scrub typhus, a zoonotic rickettsial infection, is an important reason for intensive care unit (ICU) admission in the Indian subcontinent. We describe the clinical profile, organ dysfunction, and predictors of mortality of severe scrub typhus infection. Materials and Methods: Retrospective study of patients admitted with scrub typhus infection to a tertiary care university affiliated teaching hospital in India during a 21-month period. Results: The cohort (n = 116) aged 40.0 ± 15.2 years (mean ± SD), presented 8.5 ± 4.4 days after symptom onset. Common symptoms included fever (100%), breathlessness (68.5%), and altered mental status (25.5%). Forty-seven (41.6%) patients had an eschar. Admission APACHE-II score was 19.6 ± 8.2. Ninety-one (85.2%) patients had dysfunction of 3 or more organ systems. Respiratory (96.6%) and hematological (86.2%) dysfunction were frequent. Mechanical ventilation was required in 102 (87.9%) patients, of whom 14 (12.1%) were solely managed with non-invasive ventilation. Thirteen patients (11.2%) required dialysis. Duration of hospital stay was 10.7 ± 9.7 days. Actual hospital mortality (24.1%) was less than predicted APACHE-II mortality (36%; 95% Confidence interval 32-41). APACHE-II score and duration of fever were independently associated with mortality on logistic regression analysis. Conclusions: In this cohort of severe scrub typhus infection with multi-organ dysfunction, survival was good despite high severity of illness scores. APACHE-II score and duration of fever independently predicted mortality.
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