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VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 2 ( 2015 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Randomized study to compare nasojejunal with nasogastric nutrition in critically ill patients without prior evidence of altered gastric emptying

Gilberto Friedman, Cecilia Lopes Flávia Couto, Maicon Becker

Keywords : enteral nutrition, Intensive care units, nasojejunal, pneumonia, randomized controlled trial,Critical illness

Citation Information : Friedman G, Flávia Couto CL, Becker M. Randomized study to compare nasojejunal with nasogastric nutrition in critically ill patients without prior evidence of altered gastric emptying. Indian J Crit Care Med 2015; 19 (2):71-75.

DOI: 10.4103/0972-5229.151013

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 00-02-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background and Aims: Studies comparing jejunal and gastric nutrition show inconsistent results regarding pneumonia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of pneumonia comparing gastric with jejunal nutrition. Secondarily, we evaluated 28 th day Intensive Care Unit (ICU) mortality rate and other complications related to enteral feeding. Subjects: Age >18 years; need for enteral nutrition without contraindication for placement of an enteral tube, duration of ICU stay > than 48 h. Methods: Patients were randomly assigned to receive enteral feed via a gastric or jejunal tube. Jejunal tubes were inserted at bedside and placement was confirmed radiographically. Results: A total of 115 patients were enrolled, with 61 patients into the gastric tube group and 54 patients into the jejunal group tube. Baseline characteristics were similar. There was no difference in pneumonia or ICU mortality rates, ICU length of stay and ventilator days. Complications rates were similar. Conclusions: We conclude that the enteral nutrition through a jejunal tube does not reduce the rate of pneumonia in comparison to a gastric tube. In addition, we did not observe differences in rates of gastrointestinal complications or ICU mortality. The routine placement of a jejunal tube in critically ill-patients cannot be recommended.


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