Citation Information :
Fallahzadeh MA, Abdehou ST, Hassanzadeh J, Fallhzadeh F, Fallahzadeh MH, Malekmakan L. Pattern of in-hospital pediatric mortality over a 3-year period at University teaching hospitals in Iran. Indian J Crit Care Med 2015; 19 (6):311-315.
Introduction: Causes of death are different and very important for policy makers in different regions. This study was designed to analyze the data for our in-patient children mortality. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study from March 2011 to March 2013, all patients from 2 months to 18 years who died in pediatric intensive care unit, emergency room or medical pediatric wards in the teaching hospitals were studied. Results: From a total of 18,915 admissions during a 2-year-period, 256 deaths occurred with a mean age of 4.3 ± 5 years and mortality 1.35%. An underlying disease was present in 70.7% of the patients and in 88.5% of them the leading causes of death were related to the underlying diseases. The most common underlying diseases were congenital heart disease and cardiomyopathy in 50 (27.6%). The four main causes of deaths were sepsis (14.8%), pneumonia (14.5%), congestive heart failure (9.8%), and hepatic encephalopathy (9.8%). Conclusion: We may conclude that after sepsis and pneumonia, congestive heart failure, and hepatic encephalopathy are the leading causes of death. Most patients who died had underlying diseases including malignancies, heart and liver diseases as the most common causes.
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