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VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 9 ( 2015 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Neonatal mechanical ventilation: Indications and outcome

Javed Iqbal, Asif Ahmed, Qazi Iqbal, Mir Younus, Ikhlas Ahmad, Bashir Charoo, S Ali

Keywords : Complications of ventilation, neonatal mechanical ventilation, predictors of mortality

Citation Information : Iqbal J, Ahmed A, Iqbal Q, Younus M, Ahmad I, Charoo B, Ali S. Neonatal mechanical ventilation: Indications and outcome. Indian J Crit Care Med 2015; 19 (9):523-527.

DOI: 10.4103/0972-5229.164800

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 00-09-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background and Aims: Decreasing mortality in sick and ventilated neonates is an endeavor of all neonatologists. To reduce the high mortality in this group of neonates, identification of risk factors is important. This study was undertaken to find out the indications of ventilation and complications in ventilated neonates and also study possible predictors of outcome. Subjects: Age <1-month; mechanically ventilated; not having suspected metabolic disorders or congenital anomalies; excluding postoperative patients. Methods: Neonates consecutively put on mechanical ventilation during the study period (October 2011 to November 2013) enrolled. Primary disease of the neonates along with complications present listed. Clinical and laboratory parameters analyzed to find the predictors of mortality. Results: Total 300 neonates were ventilated. 52% were male. Mean age, weight, and gestational age were 21 ± 62 h, 2320 ± 846.2 g, and 35.2 ± 4.9 weeks, respectively. 130 (43%) neonates died. Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) (31.1%), sepsis (22.7%), and birth asphyxia (18%) were the most common indications for ventilation. Mortality in ventilated patients with sepsis, pneumonia, RDS or birth asphyxia was 64.7%, 60%, 44.6%, and 33.3%, respectively. Weight <2500 g, gestation <34 weeks, initial pH <7.1, presence of sepsis, apnea, shock, pulmonary hemorrhage, hypoglycemia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia were significantly associated with mortality (P < 0.05). Resuscitation at birth, seizures, intra ventricular hemorrhage, pneumothorax, ventilator-associated pneumonia, PO 2, or PCO 2 did not have a significant association with mortality. On logistic regression, gestation <34 weeks, initial pH <7.1, pulmonary hemorrhage, or shock were independently significant predictors of mortality. Conclusions: Weight <2500 g, gestation <34 weeks, initial arterial pH <7.1, shock, pulmonary hemorrhage, apnea, hypoglycemia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia were significant predictors of mortality in ventilated neonates.


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