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VOLUME 20 , ISSUE 1 ( 2016 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection in patient with autoimmune hepatitis and purpura fulminans

Vikas Khillan, Neha Rathor, S. K. Sarin

Keywords : purpura fulminance, strongyloides,Autoimmune hepatitis

Citation Information : Khillan V, Rathor N, Sarin SK. Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection in patient with autoimmune hepatitis and purpura fulminans. Indian J Crit Care Med 2016; 20 (1):52-54.

DOI: 10.4103/0972-5229.173694

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 00-01-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Strongyloidiosis is usually an asymptomatic chronic nematodal disease. The term hyperinfection is used to denote autoinfection, a phenomenon in which the number of worms increases enormously. Development or exacerbation of gastrointestinal and pulmonary symptoms is seen, (A) and the detection of increased numbers of larvae in stool and or sputum is the hallmark. It is known to occur with a change in immune status of the host; this can occur due to immunosuppressants. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is also known to suppress host immunity. Due to the nonspecific presentation, the diagnosis is frequently missed, and the outcome remains poor with 15-87% mortality despite therapy. We report here a case of Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection following immunosuppressive therapy for autoimmune hepatitis and concomitant CMV infection with purpura fulminance and frank sepsis, with fatal outcome.


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