Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 20 , ISSUE 10 ( 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Examining the relationship between critical-thinking skills and decision-making ability of emergency medicine students

Mohammad Heidari, Parvin Ebrahimi

Keywords : Decision-making, medical emergency, thinking

Citation Information : Heidari M, Ebrahimi P. Examining the relationship between critical-thinking skills and decision-making ability of emergency medicine students. Indian J Crit Care Med 2016; 20 (10):581-586.

DOI: 10.4103/0972-5229.192045

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 00-10-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background and Aims: Critical-thinking ability would enable students to think creatively and make better decisions and makes them make a greater effort to concentrate on situations related to clinical matters and emergencies. This can bridge the gap between the clinical and theoretical training. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between critical-thinking ability and decision-making skills of the students of Emergency Medicine. Materials and Methods: This descriptive and analytical research was conducted on all the students of medical emergency students (n = 86) in Shahrekord, Iran. The demographic information questionnaire, the California Critical Thinking Skills Test, and a decision-making researcher-made questionnaire were used to collect data. The data were analyzed by SPSS software version 16 using descriptive and analytical statistical tests and Pearson′s correlation coefficient. Results: The results of the present study indicate that the total mean score for the critical thinking was 8.32 ± 2.03 and for decision making 8.66 ± 1.89. There is a significant statistical relationship between the critical-thinking score and decision-making score (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Although critical-thinking skills and decision-making ability are essential for medical emergency professional competence, the results of this study show that these skills are poor among the students.


PDF Share
  1. Kapucu N, Garayev V. Collaborative decision-making in emergency and disaster management. Int J Public Adm 2011;34:366-75.
  2. Ekins K, Morphet J. The accuracy and consistency of rural, remote and outpost triage nurse decision making in one Western Australia Country Health Service Region. Australas Emerg Nurs J 2015;18:227-33.
  3. Rowe MP, Gillespie BM, Harris KR, Koether SD, Shannon LJ, Rose LA. Redesigning a general education science course to promote critical thinking. CBE Life Sci Educ 2015;14. pii: Ar30.
  4. Franklin A, Liu Y, Li Z, Nguyen V, Johnson TR, Robinson D, et al. Opportunistic decision-making and complexity in emergency care. J Biomed Inform 2011;44:469-76.
  5. Dy SM, Purnell TS. Key concepts relevant to quality of complex and shared decision-making in health care: A literature review. Soc Sci Med 2012;74:582-7.
  6. Reed MJ, Graham CA. Why emergency medicine needs senior decision makers. Eur J Emerg Med 2011;18:131-2.
  7. Pitt V, Powis D, Levett-Jones T, Hunter S. The influence of critical thinking skills on performance and progression in a pre-registration nursing program. Nurse Educ Today 2015;35:125-31.
  8. Thaiposri P, Wannapiroon P. Enhancing students′ critical-thinking skills through teaching and learning by inquiry-based learning activities using social network and cloud computing. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 2015;174:2137-44.
  9. Shahbazi S, Heidari M, Bagheri M, Poornazari M. A comparison of nursing students′ critical-thinking skills and its components. Educational Developement of Jundishapur 2015;14:25-8.
  10. Bulson JA, Bulson T. Nursing process and critical thinking linked to disaster preparedness. J Emerg Nurs 2011;37:477-83.
  11. Lotfi H, Hasankhani H, Mokhtari M. The effectiveness of simulation training and critical-thinking strategies on clinical decision-making of operating room students. J Nurs Midwifery 2010;5:5-11.
  12. Khalili H, Hosseinzadeh M. Investigation of reliability, validity and normality Persian version of the California Critical-thinking Skills Test; Form B (CCTST). J Med Educ 2003;3:29-32.
  13. Manzari Z, Shahraki Moghaddam E, Heshmati Nabavi F, Mazloom SR, Khaleghi E. The effects of teaching by using standardized patients on critical care nurses′ clinical decision-making. J Crit Care Nurs 2015;8:69-78.
  14. Paryad E, Javadi N, Fadakar K, Asiri S. Relationship between critical-thinking and clinical decision-making in nursing students. Iran J Nurs 2011;24:63-71.
  15. Khodamoradi K. Comparison of critical-thinking skills students first semester and last semester bachelor in Tehran. J Med Sci IAU 2011;21:134-40.
  16. Akhondzade K. Critical-thinking in nursing education in Iran. Med Educ 2011;11:210-5.
  17. Jamshidian S. Critical-thinking and communication skills with emotional intelligence in medical students in Isfahan. Med Educ 2010;10:906-10.
  18. Yuan H, Kunaviktikul W, Klunklin A, Williams BA. Promoting critical-thinking skills through problem-based learning. CMU J Soc Sci Humanit 2008;2:85-100.
  19. Hodge JG Jr., Lant T, Arias J, Jehn M. Building evidence for legal decision making in real time: Legal triage in public health emergencies. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2011;5 Suppl 2:S242-51.
  20. Gunnarsson BM, Warrén Stomberg M. Factors influencing decision making among ambulance nurses in emergency care situations. Int Emerg Nurs 2009;17:83-9.
  21. Sands N. An exploration of clinical decision making in mental health triage. Arch Psychiatr Nurs 2009;23:298-308.
  22. Makoul G, Clayman ML. An integrative model of shared decision making in medical encounters. Patient Educ Couns 2006;60:301-12.
  23. Roberts MV, Baird W, Kerr P, O′Reilly S. Can an emergency department-based clinical decision unit successfully utilize alternatives to emergency hospitalization? Eur J Emerg Med 2010;17:89-96.
  24. Naber J, Wyatt TH. The effect of reflective writing interventions on the critical thinking skills and dispositions of baccalaureate nursing students. Nurse Educ Today 2014;34:67-72.
  25. Bart WM, editor. The Measurement and Teaching of Critical-thinking Skills. Invited Colloquium; 2010. Available from: http://www.cret.or.jp/j/report/100215_William_Bart_1.pdf. [Last cited on 2011 Apr 16].
  26. Profetto-McGrath J. The relationship of critical thinking skills and critical thinking dispositions of baccalaureate nursing students. J Adv Nurs 2003;43:569-77.
  27. Bowles K. The relationship of critical-thinking skills and the clinical-judgment skills of baccalaureate nursing students. J Nurs Educ 2000;39:373-6.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.