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VOLUME 20 , ISSUE 11 ( 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Pediatric trauma BIG score: Predicting mortality in polytraumatized pediatric patients

Mohamed El-Gamasy, Ahmed Elezz, Ahmed Basuni, Mohamed Elrazek

Keywords : BIG score, mortality, polytrauma in pediatric, trauma, trauma scoring

Citation Information : El-Gamasy M, Elezz A, Basuni A, Elrazek M. Pediatric trauma BIG score: Predicting mortality in polytraumatized pediatric patients. Indian J Crit Care Med 2016; 20 (11):640-646.

DOI: 10.4103/0972-5229.194011

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 01-11-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background: Trauma is a worldwide health problem and the major cause of death and disability, particularly affecting the young population. It is important to remember that pediatric trauma care has made a significant improvement in the outcomes of these injured children. Aim of the Work: This study aimed at evaluation of pediatric trauma BIG score in comparison with New Injury Severity Score (NISS) and Pediatric Trauma Score (PTS) in Tanta University Emergency Hospital. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in Tanta University Emergency Hospital to all multiple trauma pediatric patients attended to the Emergency Department for 1 year. Pediatric trauma BIG score, PTS, and NISS scores were calculated and results compared to each other and to observed mortality. Results: BIG score ≥12.7 has sensitivity 86.7% and specificity 71.4%, whereas PTS at value ≤3.5 has sensitivity 63.3% and specificity 68.6% and NISS at value ≥39.5 has sensitivity 53.3% and specificity 54.3%. There was a significant positive correlation between BIG score value and mortality rate. Conclusion: The pediatric BIG score is a reliable mortality-prediction score for children with traumatic injuries; it uses international normalization ratio (INR), Base Excess (BE), and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) values that can be measured within a few minutes of sampling, so it can be readily applied in the Pediatric Emergency Department, but it cannot be applied on patients with chronic diseases that affect INR, BE, or GCS.


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