Outcome and predictors of cardiopulmonary resuscitation among patients admitted in Medical Intensive Care Unit in North India
Gautam Ahluwalia, Amit Bansal, Tirath Singh
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Intensive Care Units, outcome study, survival rate, tertiary care
Citation Information :
Ahluwalia G, Bansal A, Singh T. Outcome and predictors of cardiopulmonary resuscitation among patients admitted in Medical Intensive Care Unit in North India. Indian J Crit Care Med 2016; 20 (3):159-163.
Background: Outcome and predictors of survival after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) have been extensively studied in western world, but data from developing countries is sparse.
Objectives: To study the outcome and predictors of survival after CPR in a Medical ICU (MICU) of a tertiary level teaching hospital in North India.
Materials and Methods: A 1-year prospective cohort study.
Results: Of 105 in-MICU CPRs, forty patients (38.1%) achieved return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Only one patient (0.9%) survived up to hospital discharge. The predictors of ROSC were ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation as first monitored rhythm, intubation during CPR and CPR duration ≤ 10 min. CPR duration > 10 min was a significant factor for resuscitation failure.
Conclusions: The rate of survival to hospital discharge after in-MICU CPRs is extremely poor. Our data may aid treating physicians, resuscitation teams, and families in understanding the likely outcome of patients after in-MICU CPRs.
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