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VOLUME 21 , ISSUE 10 ( 2017 ) > List of Articles

BRIEF COMMUNICATION

Assessment of doripenem, meropenem, and imipenem against respiratory isolates of Pseudomonas aeroginosa in a tertiary care hospital of north India

Arti Negi, Mridu Anand, Avinash Singh, Awadhesh Kumar, Kashi Prasad

Keywords : Doripenem, imipenem, meropenem, minimum inhibitory concentration, Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Citation Information : Negi A, Anand M, Singh A, Kumar A, Prasad K. Assessment of doripenem, meropenem, and imipenem against respiratory isolates of Pseudomonas aeroginosa in a tertiary care hospital of north India. Indian J Crit Care Med 2017; 21 (10):703-706.

DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_341_17

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 01-10-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Objective: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the leading pathogen causing healthcare-associated infections, particularly in immunocompromised and critically ill patients. The development of carbapenem resistance in P. aeruginosa infections is worrisome. Data specifically comparing the susceptibility of the three available carbapenems are lacking in the Indian subcontinent. Materials and Methods: We evaluated the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of the three commonly used carbapenems– imipenem, meropenem, and doripenem against, 435 P. aeruginosa isolates obtained from respiratory samples and compared their susceptibility patterns to determine the best possible carbapenem among those available that may be used in combination regimes. Results: Overall, 222 (51.0%) of isolates were susceptible to doripenem followed by imipenem 206 (47.3%) and meropenem 195 (44.8%), respectively. Two hundred and sixty-two (60.23%) strains were intermediate or resistant to at least one carbapenem. The MIC90of all three carbapenems was >32 μg/ml while the MIC50of meropenem was 16 μg/ml which was higher than MIC50of both imipenem (4 μg/ml) and doripenem (2 μg/ml). Conclusion: Our study revealed that doripenem exerted better in vitro activity against the tested bacteria compared to imipenem and meropenem, but the difference was not statistically significant.


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