Critical care, hemorrhage, obstetric, pregnancy-induced hypertension, ventilation
Citation Information :
Dasgupta S, Jha T, Bagchi P, Singh S, Gorai R, Choudhury S. Critically ill obstetric patients in a general critical care unit: A 5 years′ retrospective study in a public teaching hospital of Eastern India. Indian J Crit Care Med 2017; 21 (5):294-302.
Background: Critical care services are essential for the subset of obstetric patients suffering from severe maternal morbidity. Studies on obstetric critical care are important for benchmarking the issues which need to be addressed while managing critically ill obstetric patients. Although there are several published studies on obstetric critical care from India and abroad, studies from Eastern India are limited. The present study was conducted to fill in this lacuna and to audit the obstetric critical care admissions over a 5 years′ period. Settings and Design: Retrospective cohort study conducted in the general critical care unit (CCU) of a government teaching hospital.
Materials and Methods: The records of all obstetric patients managed in the CCU over a span of 5 years (January 2011-December 2015) were analyzed.
Results: During the study, 205 obstetric patients were admitted with a CCU admission rate of 2.1 per 1000 deliveries. Obstetric hemorrhage (34.64%) was the most common primary diagnosis among them followed by pregnancy-induced hypertension (26.83%). Severe hemorrhage leading to organ failure (40.48%) was the main direct indication of admission. Invasive ventilation was needed in 75.61% patients, and overall obstetric mortality rate was 33.66%. The median duration (in days) of invasive ventilation was 2 (interquartile range [IQR] 1-7), and the median length of CCU stay (in days) was 5 (IQR 3-9). Conclusions: Adequate number of critical care beds, a dedicated obstetric high dependency unit, and effective coordination between critical care and maternity services may prove helpful in high volume obstetric centers.
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