Objective: The objective of the following study was to assess the outcome of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and acute peritoneal dialysis (PD) in dialysis-requiring renal failure in patients with hemodynamic instability. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of all the patients who received CRRT and acute PD over a period of 1 year at our institute, a tertiary care center, was done for diagnosis, type of renal replacement therapy (RRT), and survival outcome. The indications for administering either of the therapy were usual indications of doing hemodialysis with the presence of hemodynamic instability (systolic blood pressure <90 mm of Hg even with inotropes). Results: Forty patients, 22 in CRRT and 18 in acute PD group were studied. All these patients required inotropes to maintain desired blood pressure. Twenty-five (62.5%) patients had acute kidney injury (AKI), and 15 (37.5%) had chronic kidney disease (CKD) superimposed over other primary diagnosis. A total of 8 (20%) patients (4 in CRRT, 4 in acute PD) survived at the time of discharge from hospital. The mean age of survivors was approximately a decade less than nonsurvivors (P = 0.15). Overall, there were no survivors in CKD group and all the patients who survived at the time of discharge from hospital had underlying AKI (P = 0.016). Conclusion: This study showing comparable survival outcome in acute PD and CRRT gives evidence that either of the modalities can be adopted in hemodynamically unstable patients requiring RRT depending on the resources available.
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