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VOLUME 22 , ISSUE 1 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles


Outcome of patients admitted to a tertiary referral intensive care unit with urosepsis needing source control

Chaitra C. Rao, Ipe Jacob

Keywords : Early source control in urosepsis, nonobstructive uropathy, obstructive uropathy, ureteral stent

Citation Information : Rao CC, Jacob I. Outcome of patients admitted to a tertiary referral intensive care unit with urosepsis needing source control. Indian J Crit Care Med 2018; 22 (1):27-29.

DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_322_17

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 01-07-2008

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; The Author(s).


Introduction: Urosepsis is one of the common causes of admission to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). It has traditionally been treated with antibiotics, but surgical management with Double J [DJ] ureteral stents is gaining popularity. This study compares patients with complicated urosepsis who underwent surgical source control by ureteral stenting with those managed medically. Materials and Methods: The study enrolled patients admitted to a tertiary adult ICU with a diagnosis of urosepsis over a period of 2 years. The primary outcomes were renal replacement therapy (RRT) requirement and ICU mortality. The secondary outcomes were ICU and hospital length of stay, ventilator-free days, and inotrope free days. Patients were divided those with obstructive and nonobstructive urinary tract infection (UTI). Results: A total of 58 patients met the criteria, of who 32 had obstructive UTI and were included in Group A, with the remaining 26 with nonobstructive UTI comprised Group B. In Group A, 27 patients underwent source control with ureteral DJ stenting, three patients recovered with medical management, and two who were advised source control did not consent to the procedure. Seventeen patients in Group A and seven patients in Group B required RRT (P = 0.044). There was no significant difference in ICU mortality, hospital mortality, and 28 days survival between the two groups. Conclusion: With early source control, obstructive UTI outcomes were comparable to nonobstructive UTI. However, despite undergoing ureteric stenting, more patients with obstructive UTI required RRT than those with nonobstructive UTI.

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