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VOLUME 22 , ISSUE 4 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Predictors of mortality in acute kidney injury patients admitted to medicine intensive care unit in a Rural Tertiary Care Hospital

Amrish Saxena, Shrikant Meshram

Keywords : Acute kidney injury, etiology, incidence, mortality, predictors

Citation Information : Saxena A, Meshram S. Predictors of mortality in acute kidney injury patients admitted to medicine intensive care unit in a Rural Tertiary Care Hospital. Indian J Crit Care Med 2018; 22 (4):231-237.

DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_462_17

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 00-04-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a challenging problem faced by intensive care clinicians worldwide, and it is associated with high morbidity and mortality, especially in critically ill patients. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based prospective, observational study was conducted in patients of AKI admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the Department of Medicine in a rural tertiary care hospital located in central India. Data of all consecutive AKI inpatients related to demographic variables, clinical profile, and laboratory investigations were collected from patient\'s medical records. Results: Of the total 229 AKI patients enrolled in this study, 65 (28.4%) patients died during their hospital stay. The presence of metabolic acidosis, hypotension, Glasgow coma scale (GCS) and Acute Physiologic Assesment and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE 2) score, advanced AKI stage, higher serum creatinine and blood urea levels on diagnosis of AKI and the peak rise in their level within 48 h of diagnosis of AKI, the use of mechanical ventilator, leukocytosis, and hyperkalemia were significantly associated with in-hospital mortality in AKI patients (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The overall in-hospital mortality in patients of AKI admitted to medicine-ICU was 28.4%. Sepsis was the most common cause of AKI (24.5%). The presence of metabolic acidosis, hypotension, GCS and APACHE 2 score, advanced AKI stage, higher serum creatinine, and blood urea levels on diagnosis of AKI and the peak rise in their level within 48 h of diagnosis of AKI, use of mechanical ventilator, leukocytosis, and hyperkalemia were associated with in-hospital mortality in AKI patients.


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