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VOLUME 22 , ISSUE 4 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

Cervical myelopathy in a child: A rare cause of hypoventilation syndrome presenting with Type 2 respiratory failure

Prabhas Prasun Giri, Alolika Mondal

Keywords : Cerebral palsy, cervical fracture, cervical spondylotic myelopathy, choreoathetoid cerebral palsy

Citation Information : Giri P P, Mondal A. Cervical myelopathy in a child: A rare cause of hypoventilation syndrome presenting with Type 2 respiratory failure. Indian J Crit Care Med 2018; 22 (4):303-305.

DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_451_17

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 00-04-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Hypoventilation syndrome leading to Type 2 respiratory failure is not a rare cause of Pediatric Intensive Care Unit admission and mechanical ventilation. Common causes in pediatric population are Guillain–Barre syndrome and various central nervous system disorders such as encephalitis, traumatic brain injury, and drugs. Any injury or disease in the cervical cord can also produce respiratory paralysis causing respiratory failure. Here, we present two cases of mixed cerebral palsy with cervical myelopathy due to compression effect of fractured segments of first and second cervical vertebrae. Both of them presented with Type 2 respiratory failure.


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