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VOLUME 22 , ISSUE 5 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles
Mohini Yadav, Gauri Chauhan, A. Bhardwaj, P. Sharma
Keywords : APGAR, hyaline membrane disease, mechanical ventilation, meconium aspiration syndrome, sepsis
Citation Information : Yadav M, Chauhan G, Bhardwaj A, Sharma P. Clinicoetiological pattern and outcome of neonates requiring mechanical ventilation: Study in a tertiary care centre. Indian J Crit Care Med 2018; 22 (5):361-363.
License: CC BY-ND 3.0
Published Online: 01-05-2018
Copyright Statement: Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.
The clinical and etiological pattern of ventilated newborns, their outcome in relation to morbidity and mortality was studied with 50 ventilated newborns, including outborns. M:f ratio was 2.1:1. The most common gestational age 28–36 weeks (60%) and mostly were appropriate for gestational age (66%). Survival rate 40% (20/50) being directly proportional to the gestational age and intrauterine growth pattern (P < 0.01). Babies by LSCS Lower Segment Cessarian Section survived more than born by normal vaginal delivery (46.7% vs. 37.1%). More outborn survival could be related to their advanced gestational age on presentation. The initial assessment of APGAR score of >7 had a better outcome (56.3%; P < 0.03). The most common indication of ventilation was hyaline membrane disease (19/50) but the survival rate best in babies with meconium aspiration syndrome (54.5%). The most prevalent complication was sepsis (survival rate 60%) while conditions such as shock, intraventricular hemorrhage, disseminated intravascular coagulation, air leak syndrome, and pulmonary hemorrhage had 100% mortality. Thus, the outcome as survival is constrained by many factors; newborn\'s profile, conditions at birth, and postnatal resuscitation.
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