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VOLUME 22 , ISSUE 6 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Study on clinical profile and predictors of mortality in Cerbera odollam poisoning

B Renymol, Dhanya Palappallil, N Ambili

Keywords : mortality predictors, poisoning,Cerbera odollam

Citation Information : Renymol B, Palappallil D, Ambili N. Study on clinical profile and predictors of mortality in Cerbera odollam poisoning. Indian J Crit Care Med 2018; 22 (6):431-434.

DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_469_17

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 00-06-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Context: Cerbera odollam is a tree native to South Asia. It belongs to the poisonous Apocynaceae family. Deliberate self-harm with fruit of this plant is a major clinical problem in the developing world. Ingestion of C. odollam kernels is the cause of deaths in more than half of Kerala\'s plant poisoning deaths. The data on clinical features and complications of C.odollam poisoning are sparse, apart from a few case reports and limited studies. Aims: The present study was done to find the mode of presentation, complications, need for cardiac pacing, inhospital mortality, and the predictors of mortality in patients with C. odollam poisoning. Settings and Design: This was a retrospective study conducted in the department of general medicine in a tertiary care center in Alappuzha district, Kerala. The study period was for 1 year from January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2016. Subjects and Methods: All the patients admitted with a history of ingestion of odollam during the study period were included in the study. Data were collected from case records. The study was approved by the institutional ethics committee and research committee (IEC/TDMCA/EC3.dated29/11/201). Statistical Analysis Used: The data were analyzed using SPSS 16 for Windows (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Results: In this study, 102 patients were identified with C. odollam poisoning, and the mortality rate was 16.7%. Electrocardiogram (ECG) changes were common in our patients, and we observed different types of heart block in the same ECG itself. Ingestion of more than two kernels of odollam, late presentation to hospital, vomiting, bradycardia, hypotension, hyperkalemia, and more severe ECG changes were associated with significantly higher mortality in this study. Conclusions: C. odollam poisoning is a common method of deliberate self-harm in Kerala. It carries a high mortality rate, and the predictors of mortality include vomiting, bradycardia, hypotension, hyperkalemia, and the presence of severe ECG changes.


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