Introduction: Trauma is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide. Trauma patients, who presented to the hospital casualty department within 24 h of injury, further admitted to the Surgical Intensive Care Unit were enrolled in this study.
Materials and Methods: The aim was to study the peripheral blood monocyte activity to produce tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-1 (IL-1) β, IL-6, and IL-8 in severely injured patients after trauma.
Result: A total of 28 polytrauma patients were enrolled and observed that the levels of TNF-α, IL-1 β, IL-6, and IL-8 were signifi cantly decreased and levels of IL-8 were increased in the fatal patients compared to the healthy controls.
Conclusion: After trauma, an immediate hyperactivation of circulating monocytes is rapidly followed by a substantial paralysis of cell function. Decreased activity of monocytes can be used to identify potential fatal immunological disruption. Since immunological disruption occurs before clinical symptoms; our study proposes an immunological prognostication score for trauma victims.
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