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VOLUME 23 , ISSUE 10 ( October, 2019 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Value of Central Venous to Arterial CO2 Difference after Early Goal-directed Therapy in Septic Shock Patients

David Theophilo Araujo, Vinícius Brenner Felice, Andre Felipe Meregalli

Keywords : Central venous saturation, Lactate, Mortality, Septic shock, Venous to arterial difference of CO2

Citation Information : Araujo DT, Felice VB, Meregalli AF. Value of Central Venous to Arterial CO2 Difference after Early Goal-directed Therapy in Septic Shock Patients. Indian J Crit Care Med 2019; 23 (10):449-453.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23262

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-10-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background and aims: Venous to arterial difference of carbon dioxide (Pv–aCO2) tracks tissue blood flow. We aimed to evaluate if Pv–aCO2 measured from a superior central vein sample is a prognostic index (ICU length of stay, SOFA score, 28th mortality rate) just after early goal-directed therapy (EGDT)comparing its ICU admission values between patients with normal and abnormal (>6 mm Hg) Pv–aCO2. As secondary objectives, we evaluated the relationship of Pv–aCO2 with other variables of perfusion during the 24 hours that followed EGDT. Materials and methods: Prospective observational study conducted in an academic ICU adult septic shock patients after a 6-hour complete EGTD. Hemodynamic measurements, arterial/central venous blood gases, and arterial lactate were obtained on ICU admission and after 6, 18 and 24 hours. Results: Sixty patients were included. Admission Pv–aCO2 values showed no prognostic value. Admission Pv–aCO2 (ROC curve 0.527 [CI 95% 0.394 to 0.658]) values showed low specificity and sensitivity as predictors of mortality. There was a difference observed in the mean Pv–aCO2 between nonsurvivors (NS) and survivors (S) after 6 hours. Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and Pv–aCO2 showed significant correlation (R2 = –0.41, P < 0.0001). Patients with normal ScvO2 (>70%) and abnormal Pv–aCO2 (>6 mm Hg) showed higher SOFA scores. Normal Pv–aCO2 group cleared their lactate levels in comparison to the abnormal Pv–aCO2 group. Conclusion: In septic shock, admission Pv–aCO2 after EGDT is not related to worse outcomes. An abnormal Pv–aCO2 along with a normal ScvO2 is related to organ dysfunction.


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