Citation Information :
Kasimahanti R, Singh RK, Baronia AK. Quality of Life After Intensive Care Unit Discharge in a Tertiary Care Hospital in India: Cost Effectiveness Analyis. Indian J Crit Care Med 2019; 23 (3):122-126.
Background: Improvements in intensive care in the last few decades have shifted the focus from mortality to quality of life of survivors as a more important outcome measure. Allocation of public resources towards intensive care is an important challenge for health care administrators. This challenge is made more arduous in resource limited countries like India. Thus, it is imperative to consider patient centred outcomes and resource utilisation to guide allocation of funds. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life of long-term survivors, and to perform cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analysis.
Methods: Data was retrieved from the records and included age, gender, admission diagnosis, length of ICU stay & mortality. Costing methodology used was top down approach. Quality of life was assessed by SF 36 scoring which was done with personal interview and telephonically. Cost effectiveness analysis was done on the basis of years of life added. Cost utility was done by QALY gained.
Results: A total of 1232 adult patients were admitted in the period with 758 (61%) being successfully discharged from ICU with a mortality rate of 39%. Out of 758, we could contact 113 (15%) patients. 86 patients were alive at the time of contact who could fill the forms for quality of life. The patients discharged from ICU had scores almost similar to the general population. Lesser scores were noted in physical functioning and general health perceptions, though this difference was not statistically significant. The life years gained were significantly more in younger patients. The cost per life gained was more in patients aged more than 50 years compared to those who were younger.
Conclusion: The quality of life after survival from ICU is as good as in the general population. The intensive care provided in our ICU is cost effective.
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