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VOLUME 23 , ISSUE 7 ( July, 2019 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

An Uncommon Cause of Hypertensive Urgency in Young Adolescent: Case Report

Parag Shankarrao Dekate, Satyanarayana Reddy, VSV Prasad, Sudha Boda, Lokesh Saini, Prashant Patil

Keywords : Angiography, Anti-hypertensive, Mid aortic syndrome, Percutaneous dilatation

Citation Information : Dekate PS, Reddy S, Prasad V, Boda S, Saini L, Patil P. An Uncommon Cause of Hypertensive Urgency in Young Adolescent: Case Report. Indian J Crit Care Med 2019; 23 (7):339-341.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23210

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-07-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Mid aortic syndrome is rare cause of hypertensive urgency in children with poor outcome if left untreated, high index of suspicion with prompt management is the key to survival with good outcome. A 12-year-old boy was presented with fever, puffiness of face, and breathing difficulty. Clinically, he had hypertension with differential pulsation and BP in upper and lower limbs. He had peak systolic gradient of 80 mm Hg between upper and lower limb. His echocardiography and CT angiography was suggestive of significant isolated 80% narrowing of abdominal aorta without involvement any other large vessels. Percutaneous balloon dilatation of aorta was done considering multiple parameters. Post procedure, there was significant improvement in BP and we could wean his multiple anti-hypertensive drugs to keep his blood pressures below 95th centile. His BP remained control with minimum upper and lower limb gradient on follow up of almost 1 year. Key message: Mid aortic syndrome is most uncommon amongst them. With prompt diagnosis and proper selection of therapeutic options like balloon dilatation or surgical correction, it has good prognosis. Aortic narrowing because of different diseases is an uncommon cause of HT urgency in children.


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