Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine

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VOLUME 24 , ISSUE 12 ( December, 2020 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Adrenomedullin and Its Possible Role in Improved Survival in Female Patients with Sepsis: A Study in the South East Asian Region

Mradul K Daga, Lalit Kumar, Govind Mawari, Naresh Kumar, Shashank Singh, Tarun Kumar Mishra

Keywords : Adrenomedullin, Mortality, Sepsis, Septic shock

Citation Information : Daga MK, Kumar L, Mawari G, Kumar N, Singh S, Mishra TK. Adrenomedullin and Its Possible Role in Improved Survival in Female Patients with Sepsis: A Study in the South East Asian Region. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24 (12):1180-1184.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23672

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 26-12-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aims and objectives: Serum adrenomedullin (ADM) as a prognostic biomarker to study the gender-related differences in mortality pattern and its correlation with the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) and acute physiologic assessment and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) scores in patients of sepsis. Measurements and main results: Eighty patients of sepsis of which 36 were males and 44 were females, were taken in the study as per sepsis III guidelines. They were followed up for a period of 28 days. Serum ADM was measured on day 1 and day 5. The endpoint was mortality or survival at day 28 after admission. The death rate among males was higher, with 23 of the total 36 (63.89%) patients having died when compared with females in which 25 patients out of 44 (56.82%) had died. The observed mortality rates correlated well with average APACHE II scores. The average APACHE II score was slightly higher in males (29 ± 8.97) when compared with females (27.02 ± 8.69). Similarly, day 1 SOFA and mean SOFA values were higher in males (10.22 ± 5.36) and (10.73 ± 6.01) when compared with females (8.27 ± 4.79) and (8.89 ± 5.6), respectively. Males despite having higher mortality rates, higher APACHE II, SOFA, and mean SOFA values were still having less mean levels of serum ADM (454.40 ± 81.13 pg/mL) when compared with females (479.62 ± 126.97 pg/mL). Conclusion: Adrenomedullin is a protective neurohormone with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It is elevated in all patients with sepsis but the rise is more so in the female when compared with males. Higher ADM levels in females may suggest the protective effect of ADM as a part of the general protective neurohormonal stress response, which may explain the low death rate in females in sepsis.


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