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VOLUME 24 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2020 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Integration of Pre-intubation Ultrasound into Airway Management Course: A Novel Training Program

Srikar Adhikari, Elaine Situ-LaCasse, Josie Acuña, Steven Irving, Christina Weaver, Kara Samsel, David E Biffar, Mahsaw Motlagh, John Sakles

Keywords : Airway, Cricothyroid membrane, Echocardiography, Emergency medicine, Hemodynamic, Pre-intubation, Ultrasound

Citation Information : Adhikari S, Situ-LaCasse E, Acuña J, Irving S, Weaver C, Samsel K, Biffar DE, Motlagh M, Sakles J. Integration of Pre-intubation Ultrasound into Airway Management Course: A Novel Training Program. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24 (3):179-183.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23370

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-03-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Objectives: To determine the feasibility of integrating pre-intubation ultrasound into airway course and assess emergency medicine (EM) residents’ confidence and comfort level in using ultrasound for pre-intubation hemodynamic stabilization and identifying cricothyroid membrane after the training session. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective study. Pre-intubation ultrasound training was delivered with the following ultrasound components (didactics and hands-on sessions using human models) to EM residents: (1) sonoanatomy and scanning technique to identify cricothyroid membrane and (2) pre-intubation echocardiography for recognition of acute right ventricular failure and pre-intubation hemodynamic stabilization. Results: A total of 56 EM residents participated in this study. Only 21% [95% confidence interval (CI), 10–31%] reported using ultrasound for pre-intubation hemodynamic stabilization. After the training session, 89% (95% CI, 81–97%) reported that ultrasound-based teaching increased their knowledge of pre-intubation hemodynamic stabilization compared with traditional teaching methods. On a scale of 1 (low) through 10 (high), the average comfort level for integrating ultrasound findings into medical decision making for pre-intubation hemodynamic stabilization was 6.8 (95% CI, 6.3–7.3). Seventy-nine percent (95% CI, 68–89%) reported that focused training in airway ultrasound is adequate to identify cricothyroid membrane. On a scale of 1 (low) through 10 (high), the average confidence level for identifying cricothyroid membrane using ultrasound was 6.6 (95% CI, 6.1–7.1). Conclusion: At our institution, we successfully integrated pre-intubation ultrasound into an airway course. Emergency medicine residents had a moderate level of comfort and confidence level using ultrasound for pre-intubation hemodynamic stabilization and identifying cricothyroid membrane after the training session.


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