A Prospective Study of Clinical Characteristics and Interventions Required in Critically Ill Obstetric Patients
Jyotsna Suri, Rohit Kumar, Ayush Gupta, Jagdish C Suri
Blood transfusion, Echocardiography, Obstetric critical care
Citation Information :
Suri J, Kumar R, Gupta A, Suri JC. A Prospective Study of Clinical Characteristics and Interventions Required in Critically Ill Obstetric Patients. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24 (8):677-682.
Introduction: Obstetric patients are a special group of patients whose management is challenged by concerns for fetal viability, altered maternal physiology, and diseases specific to pregnancy. Materials and methods: A prospective analysis of all obstetric patients admitted to the critical care department was done to assess reasons for transfer to the critical care unit (CCU) and the interventions required for management of these patients. Results: Between June 2013 and September 2017, obstetric admission comprised 95 women (5.9%) of the total critical care admissions. There were 77 patients (81.1%) who were discharged from the hospital and 18 patients (18.9%) died. In most of the cases, the primary reasons for shifting the patient to the CCU were severe preeclampsia with pulmonary edema (22.1%), eclampsia (8.4%), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (14.7%), and hypovolemic shock in antepartum hemorrhage (APH) and postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) (10.5 and 13.7%, respectively). It was seen that 73 patients (76.8%) required ventilator support, 58 patients (57.4%) required vasopressor support, and intensive hemodynamic monitoring and blood/blood products were transfused in 55 patients (54.5%). The need for ventilator support was more in patients with a lower PaO2/FiO2 and a higher APACHE II score. Patients with a high severity of illness score and a lower PaO2/FiO2 had higher odds of requiring vasopressors. Low hemoglobin at the time of transfer to the CCU and a prolonged hospital stay were found to predict the need for blood transfusion. Conclusion: Obstetric patients are susceptible to critical illnesses but timely management improves the outcome of these young women.
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