Citation Information :
Yıldırım S, Durmaz Y, Şan Y, Taşkıran İ, Cinleti BA, Kirakli C. Cost of Chronic Critically Ill Patients to the Healthcare System: A Single-center Experience from a Developing Country. Indian J Crit Care Med 2021; 25 (5):519-523.
Background: An increasing number of patients become chronic critically ill (CCI) and dependent on long-term therapies in the intensive care unit (ICU). Mortality and healthcare costs increase in these patients. In order to deal with this problem, the magnitude and risk factors for CCI must first be determined. Therefore, we aimed at evaluating the incidence cost and risk factors for CCI in our ICU.
Materials and methods: This retrospective cohort study was compiled by recruiting patients admitted to our ICU between January 1, 2017, and December 31, 2018. Patients with an ICU stay of more than 21 days were defined as CCI. Patients who did not survive in the first 21 days were excluded from the study because it could be not known whether these patients would progress to CCI. During the study period, 1,166 patients were followed up, and 475 (40%) of them were excluded and 691 patients were included in the final analyses.
Results: During the study period, 691 patients were included in the study and 152 of them (22%) were CCI. Age, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE)-2 score, length of stay, and daily costs were higher in patients with CCI. The cost for a patient with CCI is sixfold that of a patient without CCI. ICU mortality was 47% in patients without CCI and 54% in the CCI patients (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: CCI affects an increasing number of patients and leads to increased mortality rates and cost. Prolonged duration in ICU may cause complications such as secondary infections, sepsis episodes, and acute renal injury. The treatment of these complications may lead to increased mortality and cost.
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