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VOLUME 25 , ISSUE 5 ( May, 2021 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

Spontaneous Air-leak Syndrome and COVID-19: A Multifaceted Challenge

Pranshuta Sabharwal, Sangeeta Chakraborty, Niraj Tyagi, Rahul Kumar, Ashutosh Taneja

Keywords : Air-leak syndrome, COVID-19, Pneumomediastinum, Pneumothorax, Subcutaneous emphysema

Citation Information : Sabharwal P, Chakraborty S, Tyagi N, Kumar R, Taneja A. Spontaneous Air-leak Syndrome and COVID-19: A Multifaceted Challenge. Indian J Crit Care Med 2021; 25 (5):584-587.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23819

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-05-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Spontaneous air-leak syndromes have emerged as rare but significant complication of Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia in the last few months. This complication has been documented in both spontaneous and mechanically ventilated patients. Although few studies have used computed tomographic scans to confirm the diagnosis, this could be challenging in resource-limited setup. We present a series of 15 cases that highlight the clinical heterogeneity with respect to stage of illness, ventilatory status, and varied clinical scenarios at the time of development of these syndromes. All cases in our series were diagnosed clinically and confirmed by bedside chest X-ray and were managed promptly. Though mortality was not so infrequent in our experience, these air-leak syndromes were not directly attributed as cause of death in these patients. Therefore, high level of clinical suspicion and vigilance is necessary to identify and manage cases of air-leak syndrome.


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