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VOLUME 25 , ISSUE 7 ( July, 2021 ) > List of Articles

CASE SERIES

Therapeutic Plasma Exchange with Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy for Pediatric Acute Liver Failure: A Case Series from Thailand

Sirawut Trepatchayakorn, Nataruks Chaijitraruch, Voranush Chongsrisawat, Ankanee Chanakul, Lalida Kongkiattikul, Rujipat Samransamruajkit

Keywords : Acute liver failure, Dialysis supports, Extracorporeal removal, Extracorporeal therapy, Liver transplantation, Pediatric critical care, Pediatric intensive care, Plasma exchange, Poisoning, Therapeutic Plasma Exchange, Yellow phosphorus

Citation Information : Trepatchayakorn S, Chaijitraruch N, Chongsrisawat V, Chanakul A, Kongkiattikul L, Samransamruajkit R. Therapeutic Plasma Exchange with Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy for Pediatric Acute Liver Failure: A Case Series from Thailand. Indian J Crit Care Med 2021; 25 (7):812-816.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23896

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 07-07-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim and objective: Pediatric acute liver failure (PALF) is a life-threatening condition. Extracorporeal support has been applied for toxic metabolite clearance and serves as a bridging therapy to liver transplantation (LT) or to the regeneration of the liver, but evidence for treatment approaches is still lacking in the pediatric population. We aim to report our experience on therapeutic plasma exchange with high-volume continuous renal replacement therapy (TPE + HV-CRRT) as a promising supportive treatment for PALF. Materials and methods: A total of eight PALF cases aged 9 months to 14 years, weighing 10–50 kg., who were admitted to PICU King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thailand and treated with TPE + HV-CRRT from January 2016 to September 2019 were reviewed. Patient demographic data, indications, technical aspects, and clinical outcomes were recorded. Results: All patients who underwent TPE + HV-CRRT showed clinical improvement regarding serum bilirubin levels and coagulation studies after the therapy. Complications from the therapy were hemodynamic instability, symptomatic fluid overload, and bleeding from catheter sites. Among these, 6 (75%) patients survived with 4 (50%) successful LTs and 2 (25%) spontaneous recovery. Two children (25%) died while on the transplantation list. Conclusion: TPE + HV-CRRT can be used safely as a bridging therapy in children with PALF. As opposed to the adult population, higher volume of TPE or higher blood flow rate in pediatric patients might associate with hemodynamic instability during the procedure.


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