Assessment of APACHE II Score to Predict ICU Outcomes of Patients with AKI: A Single-center Experience from Haryana, North India
Paras Patel, Sunita Gupta, Happy Patel, MD. Abu Bashar
Acute kidney injury, APACHE II score, Critical care, KDIGO stages, Mortality
Citation Information :
Patel P, Gupta S, Patel H, Bashar MA. Assessment of APACHE II Score to Predict ICU Outcomes of Patients with AKI: A Single-center Experience from Haryana, North India. Indian J Crit Care Med 2022; 26 (3):276-281.
Background: The acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II severity score has shown a good calibration and discriminatory value across a range of disease processes and remains the most widely used source of prognostic information on the risk for death in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs).
Objectives: To study APACHE II scores in patients of acute kidney injury (AKI) admitted in the ICU and to find its association with outcome.
Materials and methods: One hundred patients with AKI aged 18 years or above were admitted in the ICU, department of general medicine, of a tertiary care institute in Haryana, North India, from October 2019 to September 2020, were studied. Patients who had known causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD), on maintenance hemodialysis, and those who underwent renal replacement therapy (RRT) or nephrectomy were excluded. All required investigations were performed, and data were collected. The patients were followed till discharge or in-hospital mortality.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 55.92 ± 18.18 years. Male–female ratio was 1.5:1. Thirty-five percent of the admitted patients had an in-hospital mortality. Sepsis (47%) was the most common cause of AKI, and 83% of the patients had underlying comorbid conditions. The mean APACHE II score of the expired patients on admission, i.e., 24.80 ± 13.65, was found to be significantly higher compared to the mean APACHE II score (17.25 ± 10.12) of the discharged patients (p-value <0.001). APACHE II score was found to have 57.14% sensitivity, 86.15% specificity, 69% PPV, 78.9% NPV, and 76% diagnostic accuracy to predict mortality among the AKI patients.
Conclusion: APACHE II scoring system has a good discrimination and calibration when applied to ICU-admitted AKI patients and is a good predictor of prognosis in them.
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