Modified Early Warning Score vs Cardiac Arrest Risk Triage Score for Prediction of Cardiopulmonary Arrest: A Case–Control Study
Armand Delo Antone Tan, Chito Caimoy Permejo, Ma Consolacion Dolor Torres
Cardiac arrest, Critical care, Early warning score, Rapid response team
Citation Information :
Tan AD, Permejo CC, Torres MC. Modified Early Warning Score vs Cardiac Arrest Risk Triage Score for Prediction of Cardiopulmonary Arrest: A Case–Control Study. Indian J Crit Care Med 2022; 26 (7):780-785.
Background: Delayed transfer to the intensive care unit (ICU) contributes to increased mortality. Clinical tools, developed to shorten this delay, are especially useful in hospitals where the ideal healthcare provider-to-patient ratio is not met. This study aimed to validate and compare the accuracy of the well-accepted modified early warning score (MEWS) and the newer cardiac arrest risk triage (CART) score in the Philippine setting. Patients and methods: This case–control study involved 82 adult patients admitted to the Philippine Heart Center. Patients who had cardiopulmonary (CP) arrest at the wards and those transferred to the ICU were included. Vital signs and alert-verbal-pain-unresponsive (AVPU) scales were recorded from recruitment until 48 hours prior to CP arrest or ICU transfer. The MEWS and CART scores were computed at specific time points and compared using measures of validity. Results: The highest accuracy was obtained by the CART score with a cut-off of ≥12 at 8 hours prior to CP arrest or ICU transfer, with a specificity of 80.43% and sensitivity of 66.67%. At this time point, the MEWS with a cut-off of ≥3 had a specificity of 78.26% but a lower sensitivity of 58.33%. The area under the curve (AUC) analysis revealed that these differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion: We recommend an MEWS threshold of 3 and a CART score threshold of 12 to help identify patients at risk for clinical deterioration. The CART score had comparable accuracy to the MEWS, but the latter's computation may be easier.
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