COVID-19, Intensive care, Major adverse cardiac effect, Mortality, Remdesivir
Citation Information :
Panda R, Singh P, Saigal S, Karna ST, Anand A, Kodamanchili S, Brahmam D, Jha S, Shivhare A. Effect of Remdesivir Administration on Occurrence of Major Adverse Cardiac Events in Critically Ill COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Retrospective Observational Study. Indian J Crit Care Med 2022; 26 (9):993-999.
Background and objectives: Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) are frequent in coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Remdesivir is used worldwide for treatment in COVID-19. In this retrospective observational study, our primary objective was to assess the impact of remdesivir administration on the incidence of MACE and associated 28 day survival in critically ill patients admitted for moderate to severe COVID-19 pneumonia. Patients and methods: We analyzed the data of 437 patients admitted in intensive care unit (ICU) and divided them into two groups: R group (received remdesivir at ICU admission) and NR group (nonremdesivir) or based on the occurrence of MACE in ICU. We followed the data until discharge, death, or 28 days postadmission. Our primary objective was to investigate the log-odds of survival with remdesivir administration and a correlation/regression analysis of MACE with remdesivir administration in all included patients. Results: The incidence of MACE was 72 among 437 patients, with 17 (9.3%) patients in R group vs 55 (21.8%) in NR group (p <0.001). On performing correlation analysis between MACE and remdesivir administration, significant correlation coefficient of −0.168 (p = 0.004) was obtained. On regression analysis, the odds ratio for occurrence of MACE with remdesivir administration was 0.362 (regression coefficient: −1.014, p <0.001). It indicates a 64% decrease in the log-odds of MACE and a 16% increase in the log-odds of survival with remdesivir administration. All 72 patients with MACE had expired, suggesting a high mortality risk with cardiac complications. The odds ratio for mortality due to MACE with remdesivir administration was 0.216 (regression coefficient: −1.530, p −<0.001). It indicates a 79% decrease in the log-odds of death due to MACE with remdesivir administration. Conclusion: Our study showed significant reduction in MACE and mortality benefit in patients who received remdesivir in comparison to standard treatment.
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