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VOLUME 26 , ISSUE S2 ( October, 2022 ) > List of Articles

GUIDELINES

Renal Replacement Therapy in Adult Intensive Care Unit: An ISCCM Expert Panel Practice Recommendation

Deepak Govil, Ranajit Chatterjee, Vivek Gupta, Vinay Singhal, Valentine Alexander Lobo, Sunil Karanth, Ahsina Jahan Lopa, Ahsan Ahmed, Roop Kishen, Rajesh Pande, Yash Javeri, Dhruva Chaudhry, Arindam Kar

Keywords : Acute kidney injury, Continuous renal replacement therapy, Intensivist, Multidisciplinary team

Citation Information :

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24278

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-10-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Acute kidney injury (AKI) contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality in ICU patients. The cause of AKI may be multifactorial and the management strategies focus primarily on the prevention of AKI along with optimization of hemodynamics. However, those who do not respond to medical management may require renal replacement therapy (RRT). The various options include intermittent and continuous therapies. Continuous therapy is preferred in hemodynamically unstable patients requiring moderate to high dose vasoactive drugs. A multidisciplinary approach is advocated in the management of critically ill patients with multi-organ dysfunction in ICU. However, an intensivist is a primary physician involved in life-saving interventions and key decisions. This RRT practice recommendation has been made after appropriate discussion with intensivists and nephrologists representing diversified critical care practices in Indian ICUs. The basic aim of this document is to optimize renal replacement practices (initiation and management) with the help of trained intensivists in the management of AKI patients effectively and promptly. The recommendations represent opinions and practice patterns and are not based solely on evidence or a systematic literature review. However, various existing guidelines and literature have been reviewed to support the recommendations. A trained intensivist must be involved in the management of AKI patients in ICU at all levels of care, including identifying a patient requiring RRT, writing a prescription and its modification as per the patient's metabolic need, and discontinuation of therapy on renal recovery. Nevertheless, the involvement of the nephrology team in AKI management is paramount. Appropriate documentation is strongly recommended not only to ensure quality assurance but also to help future research as well.


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