A Clinical and Demographic Profile of Elderly (>65 Years) in the Medical Intensive Care Units of a Tertiary Care Center
Pruthvi Prabhudev, Kusugodlu Ramamoorthi, Raviraja V Acharya
Acute kidney injury, APACHE II, Blood culture, Elderly, Gram-negative infection, Hemodialysis, Intensive care units, Pneumonia, Procalcitonin, Sepsis
Citation Information :
Prabhudev P, Ramamoorthi K, Acharya RV. A Clinical and Demographic Profile of Elderly (>65 Years) in the Medical Intensive Care Units of a Tertiary Care Center. Indian J Crit Care Med 2023; 27 (3):166-175.
Background: The elderly population in India is expected to increase to 319 million by 2050. Managing critically ill elderly patients in intensive care units (ICUs) is a difficult task. Proper planning and development of healthcare infrastructure are of prime importance to face this challenge.
Objectives: To study the clinical profile and outcomes of elderly patients admitted to the medical ICUs.
Materials and methods: A time-bound, prospective observational study on elderly patients admitted to medical ICUs for more than 48 hours was conducted from March 2019 to September 2020. The demographic, biochemical, hematologic, and microbiological data on antibiotic susceptibility patterns on various organisms and procalcitonin (PCT) reports were collected. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score was calculated. Various treatment modalities, such as mechanical ventilation, inotropes, hemodialysis, antibiotics, culture report in sepsis patients, and length of ICU stay were collected.
Results: The age of the patients and the length of their ICU stay were not significantly associated with outcomes. Sepsis and APACHE II scores are significantly associated with outcomes. Receipt of mechanical ventilation, vasopressor support, and hemodialysis are significantly associated with mortality (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: The patients’ ages were not significantly associated with outcomes. The most common cause of death among elderly patients was found to be sepsis, followed by pneumonia. In elderly ICU patients, gram-negative organisms are the most common causative agents in bloodstream infections. The APACHE II score, sepsis, receipt of mechanical ventilation, vasopressor support, and hemodialysis are significantly associated with mortality.
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