Aphasia, Cerebrovascular accident, Emergency Department, Emergent large vessel occlusion stroke, Magnetic resonance angiography, Magnetic resonance imaging, National Institute of Health Stroke Severity, Neglect, Vision
Citation Information :
Krishnan A, Srinivasarangan M, Jagadish S, Bheemanna AS, Sivasankar A. The Efficacy of Vision, Aphasia, Neglect Assessment in Predicting Emergent Large Vessel Occlusion in Patients Presenting with a Cerebrovascular Accident to the Emergency Department. Indian J Crit Care Med 2023; 27 (7):475-481.
Background: Early identification of patients with an emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO) ischemic stroke is crucial in the Emergency Department (ED), as they are the ideal candidates for endovascular therapy.
With this study, we have attempted to use Vision, Aphasia, Neglect (VAN) screening tool in the ED for rapid identification of ELVO ischemic stroke and compared its performance with the National Institute of Health Stroke Severity (NIHSS) scale.
Materials and methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in the ED of a tertiary care hospital over 18 months among all suspected stroke patients. Vision, aphasia, neglect and NIHSS scores were calculated on arrival. Magnetic resonance imaging + magnetic resonance angiography (MRI + MRA) were taken as gold standard.
Results: This study found that VAN identified ELVO with 85.19% sensitivity (p-value < 0.0001), 88.64% specificity (p-value < 0.0001), and 87% diagnostic accuracy, with respect to the gold standard test. Vision, aphasia, neglect had a positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of 82.14% and 90.7%, respectively. Time taken to perform VAN score in the ED was on average 2 minutes. National Institute of Health Stroke Severity detected ELVO with a sensitivity of 88%, specificity of 51.11%, a PPV of 53.33%, and a NPV of 88.4%. Diagnostic accuracy was 66%, and it took approximately 5 minutes to perform. When both scores were applied together for ELVO detection, NPV was 100%.
Conclusion: Vision, Aphasia, Neglect score as well as NIHSS scale are both tools for clinical prediction of ELVO with VAN having a better diagnostic accuracy and utility as a screening tool in the ED.
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