Citation Information :
Bajracharya A, Devkota D. Prediction of Successful Spontaneous Breathing Trial and Extubation of Trachea by Lung Ultrasound in Mechanically Ventilated Patients in Intensive Care Unit. Indian J Crit Care Med 2023; 27 (7):482-487.
Introduction: Spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) is always successful in mechanically ventilated patients. This study was conducted to assess the prediction of successful SBT and extubation of trachea by bedside lung ultrasound in mechanically ventilated patients.
Methodology: This was a prospective observational study for 1 year conducted at a tertiary teaching hospital ICU on 102 patients with age more than 18 years and who were mechanically ventilated for more than 24 hours. Bedside lung ultrasound was used to assess the lung ultrasound score (LUS) and lung profiles in patients who clinically met the criteria for SBT. The LUS at the beginning of SBT and 30 minutes after SBT were used to predict the successful SBT and tracheal extubation.
Result: Spontaneous breathing trial and tracheal extubation were successful in 73 (71.6%) and 57 (55.8%) of the patients. The AUC for lung ultrasound in predicting successful SBT at the beginning and 30 minutes of SBT were 0.781 (CI 95% 0.674–0.888, p < 0.001) and 0.841 (CI 95% 0.742–0.941, p < 0.001) with a cut-off value of 17.5 and 19.5, respectively. Similarly, AUC for LUS in relation to tracheal extubation was 0.786 (CI 95% 0.694–0.879, p < 0.001) and 0.841(CI 95% 0.756–0.925, p < 0.001) at 0 and 30 minutes. About 57.5% of the patients with A profiles tolerated successful SBT while 48.3% of the patients having C profile had failed SBT (p < 0.001). COPD, lung ultrasound, higher SOFA score, and longer duration of mechanical ventilation had a statistically significant negative correlation with successful SBT.
Conclusion: Lower LUS and A profiles lung ultrasound are associated with more successful weaning and tracheal extubation in mechanically ventilated patients.
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