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VOLUME 27 , ISSUE 9 ( September, 2023 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

An Observational Study from Northern India to Evaluate Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infection in Medical Intensive Care Unit at a Tertiary Care Centre

Smriti Parihar, Rajni Sharma, Sulika V Kinimi, Sidhya Choudhary

Keywords : Catheter-associated urinary tract infection, Healthcare-associated infection, Medical intensive care unit, Urinary tract infection

Citation Information : Parihar S, Sharma R, Kinimi SV, Choudhary S. An Observational Study from Northern India to Evaluate Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infection in Medical Intensive Care Unit at a Tertiary Care Centre. Indian J Crit Care Med 2023; 27 (9):642-646.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24519

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-08-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Background: Healthcare-associated infections are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is a leading infection in ICU settings. This study aims to evaluate the patient and catheter-related factors contributing to the urinary tract infection as well as implementing the preventive measures ultimately curbing down the burden of healthcare-associated infections. Material and methods: This is a hospital-based observational study conducted in Department of Microbiology, from October 2020 to September 2021. A total of 150 patients admitted to Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU) with the indwelling urinary catheter were included. Urine samples were collected with proper aseptic precautions and processed within 2 hours of collection. Identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of the isolated pathogens was done as per CLSI guidelines 2019. Results: In this study, the CAUTI rate was 9.4 per 1000 urinary catheter days, while the overall magnitude was 14.67%. It was predominantly reported in 51–70-years age group (34%), and females (63.63%) outnumbered males (36.36%), with Escherichia coli being the commonest pathogen. The highest incidence was reported in the 3rd week of catheterization with diabetes being a predominant risk factor (17.24%). Conclusion: This study provides baseline data on CAUTI rate, pathogens isolated, and risk factors at our institute. The overall goal is to identify, educate, and implement best-practice measures for prevention and curbing down the incidence rates of catheter-associated urinary tract infections.

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