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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 2 ( February, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Clostridium difficile-associated Diarrhea in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients: A Single-center Experience from a Tertiary Center in India

Parikshit S Prayag, Sampada Ajeet Patwardhan, Preeti Shankarrao Ajapuje, Sameer Melinkeri, Harshal Gadhikar, Sachin Palnitkar, Ramya Simbasivam, Rasika Saheel Joshi, Abhijit Baheti, Urmi Sitanshu Sheth, Amrita Parikshit Prayag

Keywords : Clostridium difficile, Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea, Fecal microbiota transplantation, Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Citation Information : Prayag PS, Patwardhan SA, Ajapuje PS, Melinkeri S, Gadhikar H, Palnitkar S, Simbasivam R, Joshi RS, Baheti A, Sheth US, Prayag AP. Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Clostridium difficile-associated Diarrhea in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients: A Single-center Experience from a Tertiary Center in India. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (2):106-110.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24607

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-01-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Objectives: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an emerging option for recurrent or refractory Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD). We describe a single-center experience of FMT in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients with CDAD in India. Methods: A prospective observational study of HSCT recipients with CDAD who received FMT in our center. Results: A total of 13 patients were included. All the patients were allogenic HSCT recipients; FMT was performed in seven patients due to refractory CDAD, in five patients due to the presence of both CDAD and graft vs host disease (GVHD), and in 1 patient due to recurrent CDAD. The approach to FMT was colonoscopic in 10 (77%) patients. Only one patient reported bacteremia and one patient had candidemia, both of which were unrelated to FMT. Of the 10 patients who had complete resolution of CDAD, only one patient presented with a recurrence of CDAD within 8 weeks post-FMT. Conclusion: This is the first study from India using FMT as a therapeutic modality for CDAD in the setting of HSCT. Here we demonstrate that FMT in India is an effective option, especially when patients have refractory CDAD, recurrent CDAD, or both GVHD and CDAD. Further studies should explore the efficacy and feasibility of FMT in India.

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