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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 2 ( February, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Clinical Profile, Short-term Prognostic Accuracies of CLIF-C ACLF Score and Serial CLIF-C OF Scores in Acute-on-chronic Liver Failure Patients: A Prospective Observational Study

Gunda J Hareesh, Ramu Ramadoss

Keywords : Cirrhosis, CTP score, EASL, MELD, MELD-Na, 28-day mortality, 90-day mortality

Citation Information : Hareesh GJ, Ramadoss R. Clinical Profile, Short-term Prognostic Accuracies of CLIF-C ACLF Score and Serial CLIF-C OF Scores in Acute-on-chronic Liver Failure Patients: A Prospective Observational Study. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (2):126-133.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24640

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-01-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Background: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a recently defined entity that carries high short-term mortality. The European Association for Study of Liver (EASL) has given a different definition for ACLF and derived two scores called Chronic Liver Failure-Consortium Organ Failure (CLIF-C OF) and CLIF-C ACLF to diagnose and predict the short-term outcome, respectively. Materials and methods: This was the prospective observational study, included 40 ACLF patients diagnosed as per the EASL definition and calculated CLIF-C ACLF as well as other scores (CTP, MELD, MELD-Na, CLIF-C OF) on admission. Serial CLIF-C OF scores were also calculated (Day 3 and Day 7). The 28-day and 90-day mortality was recorded. Results: Alcohol was the predominant etiology of cirrhosis (32 patients—80%). Infection was the chief precipitating factor in 19 patients (47.5%). The 28-day and 90-day mortality was 45% and 52.5%. Mean (SD) of CLIF-C ACLF scores of survivors and non-survivors on Day-90 were 44.11(6.62) and 53.86 (7.83). The prognostic accuracy of the CLIF-C ACLF score (Area Under Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve—AUROC) to predict 28-day and 90-day mortality was 0.86 and 0.84, respectively. MELD-Na and CLIF-C ACLF scores had higher AUROC for predicting 28-day and 90-day mortality, respectively. The AUROC of the CLIF-C OF score on Day 3 was found to be higher than the values of Day 1 and Day 7, but it was not statistically significant. Conclusion: CLIF-C ACLF has good short-term prognostic accuracy and it is as good as other available scores. Serial CLIF-C OF scores were equally good in predicting in short-term mortality.

Supplementary Files

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