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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine and Indian Association of Palliative Care Expert Consensus and Position Statements for End-of-life and Palliative Care in the Intensive Care Unit

Sushma Bhatnagar, Savita Butola, Roop Gursahani, Dhvani Mehta, Srinagesh Simha, Jigeeshu V Divatia, Arun Kumar, Shiva K Iyer, Jayita Deodhar, Rajani S Bhat, Raghu S Thota, Roli Mathur, Rajam K Iyer, Sudeep Gupta, Priyadarshini Kulkarni, Sangeetha Murugan, Prashant Nasa, Sheila N Myatra

Keywords : Compassionate care in the intensive care unit, End-of-life care, End-of-life care communication, End-of-life decision making, End-of-life care foregoing of life support, withdrawal and withholding ethics, Legal issues in end-of-life care, Palliative care, Terminal care

Citation Information : Bhatnagar S, Butola S, Gursahani R, Mehta D, Simha S, Divatia JV, Kumar A, Iyer SK, Deodhar J, Bhat RS, Thota RS, Mathur R, Iyer RK, Gupta S, Kulkarni P, Murugan S, Nasa P, Myatra SN. Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine and Indian Association of Palliative Care Expert Consensus and Position Statements for End-of-life and Palliative Care in the Intensive Care Unit. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (3):200-250.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24661

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 29-02-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


End-of-life care (EOLC) exemplifies the joint mission of intensive and palliative care (PC) in their human-centeredness. The explosion of technological advances in medicine must be balanced with the culture of holistic care. Inevitably, it brings together the science and the art of medicine in their full expression. High-quality EOLC in the ICU is grounded in evidence, ethical principles, and professionalism within the framework of the Law. Expert professional statements over the last two decades in India were developed while the law was evolving. Recent landmark Supreme Court judgments have necessitated a review of the clinical pathway for EOLC outlined in the previous statements. Much empirical and interventional evidence has accumulated since the position statement in 2014. This iteration of the joint Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine–Indian Association of Palliative Care (ISCCM–IAPC) Position Statement for EOLC combines contemporary evidence, ethics, and law for decision support by the bedside in Indian ICUs.

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