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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

A Prospective Observational Study Comparing Oxygen Saturation/Fraction of Inspired Oxygen Ratio with Partial Pressure of Oxygen in Arterial Blood/Fraction of Inspired Oxygen Ratio among Critically Ill Patients Requiring Different Modes of Oxygen Supplementation in Intensive Care Unit

T Rakesh Alur, Shivakumar S Iyer, Jignesh N Shah, Sampada Kulkarni, Prashant Jedge, Vishwanath Patil

Keywords : Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, Berlin criteria, Kigali modification, Oxygen saturation/fraction of inspired oxygen ratio

Citation Information : Alur TR, Iyer SS, Shah JN, Kulkarni S, Jedge P, Patil V. A Prospective Observational Study Comparing Oxygen Saturation/Fraction of Inspired Oxygen Ratio with Partial Pressure of Oxygen in Arterial Blood/Fraction of Inspired Oxygen Ratio among Critically Ill Patients Requiring Different Modes of Oxygen Supplementation in Intensive Care Unit. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (3):251-255.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24652

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 29-02-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Background: Intensive care unit (ICU) patients face a significant rise in mortality rates due to acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF). The diagnosis of AHRF is based on the PF ratio, but it has limitations in resource-constrained settings. Instead, the Kigali modification suggests using the oxygen saturation/fraction of inspired oxygen (SF) ratio. This study aims to correlate SF ratio and arterial oxygen pressure (PF) ratio in critically ill adults with hypoxemic respiratory failure, who required O2 therapy through different modes of oxygen supplementation. Materials and methods: In an ICU, a prospective observational study included 125 adult AHRF patients receiving oxygen therapy, with data collected on FiO2, PaO2, and SpO2. The SF ratio and PF ratio were calculated, and their correlation was assessed using statistical analysis. The receiver operator characteristics (ROC) curve analysis was conducted to assess the diagnostic precision of the SF ratio in identifying AHRF. Results: Data from a total of 250 samples were collected. The study showed a positive correlation (r = 0.622) between the SF ratio and the PF ratio. The SF threshold values of 252 and 321 were established for PF values of 200 and 300, respectively, featuring a sensitivity of 69% and specificity of 95%. Furthermore, it is worth noting that the PF ratio and SF ratio are interchangeable, regardless of the type of oxygen therapy, as the median values of both the PF ratio and SF ratio displayed statistical significance (p < 0.01) in both acidosis and alkalosis conditions. Conclusion: For patients with AHRF, the noninvasive SF ratio can effectively serve as a substitute for the invasive PF ratio across all oxygen supplementation modes.

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