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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Effect of Buteyko Breathing Technique as an Adjunct to Routine Physiotherapy on Pulmonary Functions in Patients Undergoing Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Snehal S Mavkar, Manish P Shukla

Keywords : Buteyko breathing technique, Cardiac rehabilitation, Coronary artery bypass graft, Off-pump CABG, Pulmonary functions

Citation Information : Mavkar SS, Shukla MP. Effect of Buteyko Breathing Technique as an Adjunct to Routine Physiotherapy on Pulmonary Functions in Patients Undergoing Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (3):280-285.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24655

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 29-02-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) poses a substantial and increasing public health concern in India, particularly among individuals aged 20 and above. The postoperative phase following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery presents potential complications, notably impacting the pulmonary system. Emerging evidence suggests that the Buteyko breathing technique not only improves lung function but also positively influences the psychological well-being of CABG patients. This study seeks to assess the impact of the Buteyko breathing technique on pulmonary functions in individuals who have undergone off-pump CABG. Materials and methods: In this randomized controlled trial, patients undergoing off-pump CABG were allocated to either the Buteyko breathing technique group (n = 35) or the control group (n = 35). The intervention group received supervised Buteyko breathing technique sessions twice daily for 15 minutes, concurrently with cardiac rehabilitation from postoperative day (POD-2 to POD-7). The control group underwent phase I cardiac rehabilitation. Outcome measures, including pulmonary function test (PFT), chest expansion, and breath-holding tests were evaluated at baseline (POD-2) and conclusion (POD-7). Results: Statistical analyses were conducted with a significance level set at p < 0.05. Both the control and intervention groups exhibited statistically significant improvements in pulmonary function, chest expansion at three levels, and breath-holding time (p = 0.0001). However, the Buteyko breathing group demonstrated a more significant improvement compared with the control group. Conclusion: The integration of the Buteyko breathing technique into conventional physiotherapy proves to be a beneficial strategy, leading to improvements in pulmonary function, breath-holding duration, and chest expansion for individuals who underwent off-pump CABG surgery. CTRI Number: CTRI/2022/12/048295.

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