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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 4 ( April, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Accuracy of Pocket-sized Ultrasound Devices to Evaluate Inferior Vena Cava Diameter and Variability in Critically Ill Patients

Kamil Inci, Gül Gürsel

Keywords : Inferior vena cava, Inferior vena cava diameter, Pocket-sized ultrasound device, Standard ultrasound device

Citation Information : Inci K, Gürsel G. Accuracy of Pocket-sized Ultrasound Devices to Evaluate Inferior Vena Cava Diameter and Variability in Critically Ill Patients. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (4):369-374.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24674

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-03-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Purpose: By using inferior vena cava (IVC) measurements, clinicians can detect fluid status and responsiveness and find out the etiology of hypotension, acute heart failure, and sepsis easier. Pocket-sized ultrasound devices (PSUD) may take this advantage a few steps further by their lower costs, user-friendly interface, and easily applicable structure. In this study, we aimed to determine the diagnostic value of a PSUD compared with a standard ultrasound device (SD) for the measurement of IVC diameter (IVCD) and its respiratory variability. Materials and methods: We measured the inspiratory, expiratory diameters of IVC, and calculated the inferior vena cava collapsibility index (IVCCI). We investigated 42 intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Results: There was no difference in inspiratory (PSUD: 1.34 ± 0.67 cm; SD: 1.35 ± 0.68 cm) and expiratory (PSUD: 1.98 ± 0.53 cm; SD: 2.01 ± 0.49 cm) IVCD among measurements with PSUD and SD (p > 0.05). There was also no difference between IVCCI's measured with PSUD (39 ± 20%) and SD (39 ± 20%) (p > 0.05). The Bland–Altman analysis revealed that the width of 95% limits of agreement were similar for both devices. There was a good inter-device agreement among PSUD and SD for measurements of IVCD, and there was no difference between IVCCI's measured using both ultrasound devices. Conclusion: We support that the idea of a PSUD is as reliable as a SD for IVC measurements.


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