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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 4 ( April, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Gastric Insufflation with High Flow Nasal Oxygen Therapy in Adult Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Unit: An Observational Study

Anjana Ramachandran, Pradeep Bhatia, Sadik Mohammed, Manoj Kamal, Swati Chhabra, Bharat Paliwal

Keywords : Air, Critically ill, Oxygen therapy, Stomach, Ultrasound

Citation Information : Ramachandran A, Bhatia P, Mohammed S, Kamal M, Chhabra S, Paliwal B. Gastric Insufflation with High Flow Nasal Oxygen Therapy in Adult Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Unit: An Observational Study. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (4):393-398.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24691

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-03-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: With the provision of a small positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) effect, high-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) therapy carries a risk of stomach distension. The present study was conducted to find out the air leak in the gastric antrum leading to gastric distension in adult patients with acute respiratory failure receiving HFNO therapy. Materials and methods: Adult patients with early hypoxemic respiratory failure requiring HFNO therapy were enrolled in this trial. Before initiation of HFNO therapy, baseline gastric volume (GV) and the average number of peristaltic contractions over one minute were measured using ultrasound. Once the patient was stabilized on HFNO therapy, a 2nd, 3rd, and 4th ultrasound scans were acquired at 10, 20, and 30 minutes respectively. Vitals and blood gas values were recorded at the baseline and after 30 min of initiation of HFNO therapy. Patient comfort, duration of HFNO therapy, and outcome were also recorded. Results: The GV at 10, 20, and 30 minutes were significantly larger (p < 0.001) compared to baseline. This increase in GV was associated with a significantly increased number of peristaltic contractions and had a significant positive correlation with the HFNO flow (r = 0.541; p < 0.001). The HFNO therapy was well tolerated by most of the patients and led to a significant improvement in the vitals and blood gas parameters at 30 minutes after initiation of HFNO therapy. Conclusion: In adult patients with hypoxemic respiratory failure, the use of HFNO therapy produces gas leaks into the stomach leading to increased gastric volume. The gastric distension increases the peristaltic contraction and higher flows result in more distension.


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