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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 4 ( April, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Parasternal Intercostal Muscle Thickness Fraction (PICTF%): Ultrasound a New Tool for Weaning Prediction?

Dipasri Bhattacharya, Antonio M Esquinas, Mohanchandra Mandal

Keywords : Airway extubation, Coronavirus disease-19, Critical illness, Diaphragm, Intercostal muscles, Maximal respiratory pressures, Mechanical ventilation, Parasternal intercostal muscle thickness, Respiratory rate, Ventilators

Citation Information : Bhattacharya D, Esquinas AM, Mandal M. Parasternal Intercostal Muscle Thickness Fraction (PICTF%): Ultrasound a New Tool for Weaning Prediction?. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (4):404-404.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24665

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-03-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


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  1. Ramaswamy A, Kumar R, Arul M, Ish P, Madan M, Gupta NK, et al. Prediction of weaning outcome from mechanical ventilation using ultrasound assessment of parasternal intercostal muscle thickness. Indian J Crit Care Med 2023;27(10):704–708. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24548.
  2. Helmy MA, Milad LM, Hasanin AM, Mostafa M, Mannaa AH, Youssef MM, et al. Parasternal intercostal thickening at hospital admission: A promising indicator for mechanical ventilation risk in subjects with severe COVID-19. J Clin Monit Comput 2023;37(5):1287–1293. DOI: 10.1007/s10877-023-00989-4.
  3. He G, Han Y, Zhan Y, Yao Y, Zhou H, Zheng X. The combined use of parasternal intercostal muscle thickening fraction and P0.1 for prediction of weaning outcomes. Heart Lung 2023;62:122–128. DOI: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2023.07.002.
  4. Adolf Helmy M, Magdy Milad L, Hasanin A, Mostafa M. The novel use of diaphragmatic excursion on hospital admission to predict the need for ventilatory support in patients with coronavirus disease 2019. Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med 2021;40(6):100976. DOI: 10.1016/j.accpm.2021.100976.
  5. Nakanishi N, Oto J, Ueno Y, Nakataki E, Itagaki T, Nishimura M. Change in diaphragm and intercostal muscle thickness in mechanically ventilated patients: A prospective observational ultrasonography study. J Intensive Care 2019;7:56. DOI: 10.1186/s40560-019-0410-4.
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