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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 5 ( May, 2024 ) > List of Articles


VeXUS: Do Not Drown in the ExCESS

Vivek Kumar

Keywords : Acute kidney injury, Children, Organ perfusion, Right ventricular dysfunction, Venous congestion, Venous excess in ultrasound score

Citation Information : Kumar V. VeXUS: Do Not Drown in the ExCESS. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (5):419-421.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24711

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-04-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


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  8. Natraj R, Bhaskaran AK, Rola P, Haycock K, Siuba MTT, Ranjit S. Venous congestion assessed by venous excess ultrasound (VExUS) and acute jidney injury in children with right ventricular dysfunction. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024;28(5):447–452.
  9. Mannarino S, Bulzomì P, Codazzi AC, Rispoli GA, Tinelli C, De Silvestri A, et al. Inferior vena cava, abdominal aorta, and IVC-to-aorta ratio in healthy Caucasian children: Ultrasound Z-scores according to BSA and age. J Cardiol 2019;74(4):388–393. DOI:
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  11. Akcan-Arikan A, Zappitelli M, Loftis LL, Washburn KK, Jefferson LS, Goldstein SL. Modified RIFLE criteria in critically ill children with acute kidney injury. Kidney Int 2007;71(10):1028–1035. DOI:
  12. Wong A, Olusanya O, Watchorn J, Bramham K, Hutchings S. Utility of the venous excess ultrasound (VEXUS) score to track dynamic change in volume status in patients undergoing fluid removal during haemodialysis – The ACUVEX study. Ultrasound J 2024;16(1):23. DOI:
  13. Soliman-Aboumarie H, Denault AY. How to assess systemic venous congestion with point of care ultrasound. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2023;24(2):177–180. DOI:
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